Shin Splints are another reasonably common running injury, though the condition does not only affect runners. There are many sports and activities which involve placing a load on the lower legs and which can lead to Shin Splints. As per the name, Shin Splint pain occurs over the shin bone or Tibia area of the lower leg. The diagram below shows a lower left leg, the larger Tibia (shin bone), smaller Fibula and part of the ankle/foot complex.
- A rapid increase in mileage, distance or speed.
- Altered running surface.
- Footwear changes, old, new.
- Additional weight carriage, physically (overweight) or additionally (rucksack etc.)
- Biomechanical variations which affect the kinetic chain and gait (flat feet, previous injuries).
- Hypertonic (tight/shortened muscles, such as Tibialis Anterior or Calf Muscles).