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Stress, the Individual, Wellbeing, Performance and the Workplace (Part Two)

The effects of sustained, long-term "Stress"As a brief recap of the first article “Stress, the Individual, Wellbeing, Performance and the Workplace (Part One)" the author covered:- The physiological and psychological changes that occur as part of the Human “Fight, Flight and Freeze” stress response.Discussed what a “stressors” is and how “perception” of stress plays a huge part in the human stress response. How the stress response instantaneously affects a wide variety of the systems throughout the body, both short and possibly longer term via the release of hormones.That one can divide the Central Nervous System into smaller parts or sub-systems.How the “Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS)” is constantly running at a base-level, even while the “Parasympathetic Nervous System (PSNS)” is operating.The Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS) is associated with the “Fight, Flight or Freeze” stress response.That the Parasympathetic Nervous System (PSNS) is associated with “Rest, Diges…
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Plantar Fasciopathy (Plantar Fasciitis)

Plantar Fasciopathy (Plantar Fasciitis) is one of the most common sources of heel pain and can often prove debilitating for many patients once symptoms become chronic.  The condition tends to affect middle-aged people, though can easily impact younger and extremely active people, people who spend a lot of time on their feet and people carrying heavy loads. Heavy loads may be due to obesity or can be related to an aspect of work, such as in the military and emergency services. Pain is usually felt on the underside of the foot and near heel area and is commonly sharp and stabbing in nature. As with many conditions with an inflammatory component, symptoms tend to appear worse first thing in the morning or after rest. Typically, the pain seems to improve with walking once one has pushed through the pain. However, symptoms then return and can prove worse after a rest period. One can see the Plantar Fascia area highlighted with a “greenish tint” in the following diagram.

Images produced with…

TotalMSK Running Related Injury Series - Achilles Tendinopathy

Achilles Tendinopathy is a condition that can be very painful, severely hamper ones running ability and can often prove problematic to resolve once Chronic. The injury is typically characterised by pain, swelling and general stiffness just above the heel bone (1 - 2 inches). As with many conditions with an inflammatory component, symptoms are usually worst first thing in the morning and appear to improve with movement. Hence, it is quite common for people to push through the discomfort and or even run through the pain. However, the tissues then usually feel far more painful after the activity, and the pain, stiffness and swelling come back after rest or a nights sleep.

Common Causes of Achilles Tendinopathy include:-
Blunt force trauma.Excessive calf muscle tension.Not warming up or cooling down sufficiently.Failing to stretch tissues effectively.Ankle injuries and unresolved tissue damage.Changes in joints, structures and or soft tissues affecting the kinetic chain (biomechanics).Unsu…

Self-treatment - (Massage Ball, Trigger Point Therapy)

As with foam rollers, when used correctly (see foam roller article), the use of massage balls for self trigger-point therapy can produce some good results. In fact, massage balls and foam rollers can prove an extremely beneficial addition to ones self-massage and self-maintenance routine. However, massage balls and foam rollers work on different massage principles. Unfortunately, not all of those people using or instructing in the use of foam rollers, massage balls or trigger point therapy techniques have any form of massage training and in some cases little to no training in anatomy or physiology.  Hence, it is common to see the incorrect use of foam rollers and massage balls, based on the massage techniques these tools attempt to replicate.  Although, self-massage methods can be quite useful they will never be as good as or replace the effectiveness of a good massage therapist. Furthermore, it is not possible to effectively self-treat all areas of the body, due to the limitations of…

Basic Running Injury Preventive Measures

Well, it is that time of the year again, and the first British Airways Run Gatwick Half Marathon is fast approaching, all 13.1 Miles of it. Hopefully, the weather will be better than for this year's (2018) Sage Reading Half Marathon, fingers crossed. The last thing that anybody wants during preparation for, or while attempting a Half, Full, or Ultra Marathon is the “stress” of a running-related injury. Many of the principles of injury prevention covered in this article equally apply to other sports and activities too. In the case of running such, injuries can occur for a whole range of reasons including:-
OvertrainingPrevious unresolved injuries, affecting joints, tissues and structures within the kinetic chainInadequate warm up or cool downFailure to adequately stretch tissuesLack of hydrationOther medical conditionsAccidentsPoor techniqueIllness and more… Tissue Adaption and Injuries
That said there are things that one can do to help prevent an injury and understanding a little abo…

Stress, the Individual, Wellbeing, Performance and the Workplace (Part One)

Historically, there has always been a view that there is a link between physical and mental well-being and vice versa. A great deal of research has been carried out into the relationships between various aspects of health including physical and psychological well-being over the years. There is an ever-increasing evidence base from multiple areas of research suggesting that physical and mental well-being are inextricably linked. However, there are numerous factors affecting health, and one could argue that there are multiple types of health or wellness. These can broadly be categorised as:-

All of these types of health and well-being are interrelated, and the relationships are far from being fully understood.  "Stressors" can take many forms and effect each type of health and thus overall health. Research has demonstrated significant links between various aspects of health. Hence, a pure BioPsychoSocial model of health is a little too simplified.

Elite Sports and Elite Military…